Pure titanium dioxide exists as a fine, white powder that imparts a brilliant and luminous pigment. For a century, titanium dioxide has found its way into various industrial and consumer goods, spanning paints, coatings, adhesives, paper, plastics, rubber, printing inks, coated textiles, fabrics, ceramics, floor coverings, roofing materials, cosmetics, toothpaste, soap, water treatment agents, pharmaceuticals, food coloring agents, automotive products, sunscreens, and catalysts.
Titanium dioxide is manufactured in two primary forms. The predominant form, constituting more than 98 percent of the total output, is pigment-grade titanium dioxide. This pigmented form capitalizes on titanium dioxide’s remarkable light-scattering attributes, which prove invaluable in applications necessitating white opacity and luminance. The other manifestation of titanium dioxide production is as an ultrafine nanomaterial. This selection is made when distinct attributes such as transparency and maximum absorption of ultraviolet light are requisite, such as in cosmetic sunscreens.